Sound Investigation (Wednesday 13th-Friday 29th January 2016)


Wednesday 13th January 2016:


  1. ‘Earth’ BBC animal documentary show (3-4 minutes)
  2. Film Four: foreign language film without sound and dialogue.
  3. Radio 1: fill the gap of the missing 5-minutes
  4. Radio 4 :new radio drama (5 minutes drama)

exToday I will focus on the radio project and working in a team with Sinead and Sian. We decide to choose radio 4 for create ours 5 minutes of drama. We also discussed about our roles; Sinead and Sian will be actors and voice-over for radio while mine is creating a script. We also discussed about what type of drama program we wanted to create. Our idea was two people walking in a wood when they find a dead body, then they come with some plan.





GLOSSARY: Type of sounds

  • Ambient sound: these sound were present in the background. It can be such as wind, crowds e.g.

Example of ambient sound: chat in the background, someone making coffee or tea whilst actors talking include the atmosphere.


A clip of Peter Parker vs Flash from Spider man which contains two ambient sounds in different locations in Peter’s school. Firstly, a scene of the canteen which is full of students chatting except Peter. Second scene is Peter walking through a corridor and there are students chatting and walking around. In a while, as Peter reach in his locker, his spider power (he has been bitten by spider venom) which helps him to listen and see everything (1:42-1:57) like bee buzzing, a boy blowing through a straw.  

Note: This sound gives clue on what going happening. This can be often in action adventure and horror film.

For example : Shining.

  • Note: However I never knew this type of sound on the screen but i will know as it is visual and through watching the actors’ movement for example in The Smiling Man (more information in below).

  • Diegetic Sound:  Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows part 1

Characters able to hear the sound whilst filming. Its sound can be linked to what is going on in the screen for example, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows part 1 clip that show Harry Potter and Ron Weasley’s fighting. This clip contain diegetic sound help the audience to understand the conflict by what they are seeing.

Understanding (Diegetic and Non-Diegetic) Sound

Actor can hear the sound for example explosions, guns going off, people walking off, shouting e.g. It can also happening in crime/ hospital drama like Casualty.

Include the soundtracks, narration and added laughter for comedy like ‘Friends’

  • Drama dialogue:

Note: dialogue is spoken or written conversation between two or more person.




  • External Diegetic Sound: like non diegetic, the sound is outside of frame and can be heard by both characters and audience like children TV show which make children feel included.



  • Incidental Sound:  Builds emotion in the scene and normally done at post production. There are some example: ‘Creed’ builds emotion through music & Titantic standing on ship edge: Rose and Jack and music makes you feel emotional and sad.

Internal diegetic sound (James’s note): Some of TV programs create a sound from person’s mind without talking. 


Location Sound Recording - Ryan Hall 1

  • Moving sound source: when the object like James Bond car moving, their sound wave being record by the shooting (if it is high pitch sound).

  • Music: sound being recorded by people’s voice while singing or using musical instruments.

On- screen sound: Things you see happening on screen (frame) for example people talking, gun being used, fighting e.g.
Off- screen sound: Things you don’t see happening on screen for example birds tweeting, police radios (unable to see the office talking at the other area).



My note: For example, The Matrix, where the sound continues to flow from the first scene of Neo (right) and Trinity (left) before changing to the new sound where it flows into the new scene of the digital clock.

  • Smooth transition between clips/ scenes 
  • Sound flows



  • Sound effect- create the sound to make the media such as TV, film, animation, video games etc become more excited for audience.

Sound Effect.jpg











  • Studio sound recording- create the sound recording and mixing. It also creates the advertisement by recording musician, voice-over in TV, film e.g.. include recording the musical soundtrack.


2. TASK 3- Choosing a microphone (you can click to look through the information about the type of microphone). TASK 3- Choosing a microphone



  • In 2013 there was an average age fifty five years old people listen to the Radio 4.

  • However in July to October 2015 there are bit slight high of an average age fifty six years old. According to that website, there are seventy- seven percents of listeners (52% of males and 49% of females) in the same year. In addition, this audience are ABC1 which are the upper, middle and lower class.



According to this website, Radio 4’s psychographics are explore and reformer.



a) To be Foley artist means if sound don’t work then artist would re create the movie sound. They work in ‘foley’ studio with props so when they watch the film, they re create the sound using props, recording equipment and a viewing screen. Moreover, they use different sounds for example: move track which create the sound of general moment such as clothes that make swishing noise.



  • PRS stand for Performing Rights Society and their role is to pay people’s licence in the UK to allow them to use music legally.
  • PRS also collects the licence fee from song writers, composers and publishers. Also includes working together with PPL, which stands for Phonographic Performance Limited. They collect the licence fee from the performers and record companies.

Note from James:

  • PRS make sure that artists get paid when sound/ music is used e.g. in a radio show.
  • They don’t make the music/ sounds.
  • They pay the artist (similar to buying music through Apple etc).



Before the radio production, Sian, Sinead and myself worked out what we wanted to add as sounds into our drama radio. We wanted a mini five minutes radio production and because our previous idea is of two people walking in a wood and they find a dead body which represents a horror detective. We decided to use ambient sound as wind, footstep and few thing that are relevant to our radio production. We also used drama dialogue which means Sian and Sinead did a voiceover, for radio 4.  

Since production, we decide to add a cliffhanger with horror sound at the end of our radio story so that would make our target audience want to know what happens next. 

Thursday 14th- Friday 15th January 2016: PART THREE- SOLVING YOUR PROBLEM 

Today I focus on script and there are some develop:

Script number one:

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  •  This afternoon after lunch we went to the radio station to create our mini radio drama. Sian and Sinead are actors and I gave them the script to practice for voice over. We were also taught how to use radio station equipment. It was an interesting experience for me as I am deaf.


  • When Sian and Sinead were ready, a CSW signaled me to click a red button on the computer, which means recording. However we often had to stop for a few minutes as there was only two minutes of recording, which made us realise that we needed to add more of a story. We discussed ideas for example my idea was a plot twist of a murder, and Sian’s idea was add a bit more of conversation between our characters at the beginning of the story. In fact our script looked really dramatic!


Script number two:

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  • After that, we started to record and we finished it after about four minutes, which was good because Sian will add the sound for example footsteps, wind blow etc. I am enjoying having the opportunity to get involved in radio station and I learned a lot about it. It also gave me an opportunity to look at the differences between the radio station and TV studio.


Our radio 4 drama:

Wednesday 20th January 2016: I am focus on dialogue video clip: The Smiling Man.

Today I am focusing on the dialogue in the video clip: “The Smiling Man”. It is difficult for me to know the actual genre through sound alone as I’m deaf. 

My first thought of this clip would be comedy because the title states ‘The Smiling Man’ and the way he walks. Despite this in the clips placement is night time which represents the horror but I didn’t expect it. However, my opinion of this clip changed as it gave me a few jumps when the smiling man is on the path opposite the boy whose looks scared and his breathing is hard which tells us the video is not really comedy. Moreover, as the smiling man walks away, it caused to change mu opinion but just for s short time as the smiling man runs to chase the boy and in the final shot it shows the close up of the smiling man with a creepy smile as the boy faces him in over the shoulders then it blacked.

Thursday 21st-Friday 22nd January 2016: 

Today I focus on the effective of closing caption and subtitle for deaf and hard of hearing. 


Firstly I explore who creates the subtitles: they first created subtitle in 1979 for documentaries. However live subtitle were first created in 1986 on Blue Peter. Again, in 1990, the BBC first used the stenography to create subtitles to broadcast the live news. Later in 2001, the respeaking was created. 


To create subtitles is not as easy as you think. The Red Bee Media company in the BBC have a person who is responsible for respeaking they listen to what the person on television is saying before repeating into the microphone. However, they have to speak clearly when respeaking as the computer needs to take time to record and to ensure that each word is clear with sound. 


The problem with subtitles is often on BBC Lives as they discuss issues in foreign countries so the person, whose doing the respeaking, will find it difficult to pronounce the foreign people’s names and their software may not recognise. In addition there are often misspellings on BBC lives and there are lot of travelling.


Subtitle are useful and I always use them when I’m watching TV, film programs and DVDs, since the age of about seven years old. However, when I was younger, I used VHS which contains no subtitles so sometimes I asked my mother to sign translate for me- because I was young, I enjoyed the visual of films such as Peter Pan, Sleeping Beauty etc. Now things are changing as I grow up I use DVDs to watch with subtitles!

Furthermore, if I want to go to cinema, it is not easy as there are rare subtitles provided so I have to check the times and dates of favourite film in my local area, ‘Subtitle @ Your Local Cinemas’ in Google. On the day of cinemas with the subtitles this can go wrong- sometimes it provides no subtitles- normally due to the cinemas machine so the staff give me some tickets that allow me to go to the cinemas for free next time. However I prefer to buy a DVD and watch it.



I prefer to watch any film on TV with subtitles as there are action adventure, soap opera because I can understand their story by my visual and feelings toward the action of any characters include sound shown. However, I would use a use a sign language interpreter for the news and other documentaries as there are often jargon words that I won’t understand and often in the subtitle there are misspellings.

For close caption, it should be shown on YouTube but there are rare perfect closing captions as there are often misspellings. If I want to watch a clip of my favourite film but no close caption is provide this is difficult for me to understand, so I can go and look at the website and find the article, that links to the clip, and read it so I can understand what the clip is about- sometimes I am able to use lip reading characters are talking or guess what they said depend on their movement and action.


The most effective would be both subtitles and a sign language interpreter it  depends on  the programs such as documentary shows that provide subtitles and not sign language interpreters however the BBC news shows sign language interpreter for the morning sometimes. At the moment, sign language interpreters have reduced on the TV compared to when I was younger as I used to love to watch children show such as Cbeebies with an interpreter.

In second lesson with Caroline we were focus on a clip called The Watchmen. Caroline told me to focus on my feeling while watching this clip. 

My first thought is that it showed nothing was happening as a man sit on a couch, watching TV. However I am aware someone waiting at the door though I can’t see this person. Then, when this person breaks through a door and I can’t its face so I am unsure if this person is male or female. It is then I thought it could be a horror- maybe this persons’ face could reveal the sort of evil face that could scare the audience. Later at the fight scene there are lots of examples of sounds, for example a ma throws knives or a table and window breaks. Also includes a short conversation and there are no subtitles shown, which means I don’t understand the reason for the fight and that all the conversation is about.  




CSW Sharon: It sound like a proper Radio 4 show and sound is good and perfect for audience. A2udience is good- it make them want to know what happy next after the end of the radio. Audience would like to hear it as it adds comedy although it is a serious radio program.This radio match the audience’s need by adding detail of sound to match this programs theme. These sound contain; wind, footstep, knife slip out of pocket e.g. Moreover, the strength of this radio: sound match for the audience and the type of sounds are the right type of sounds to use. However the weakness is that ‘wind’ sound needs to continue to the end of the script as it stops suddenly.

CSW- Dan: This radio is perfectly matching for the audience in the scenes of conversation. However, wind sound should be continue through the end of the conversation. Other sounds are perfectly match to this radio theme.

My feedback: Because I’m unable to hear the Radio 4, I created a script with some help from Sian and Sinead. I created the mini detective story and we already had some sounds for example footstep, wind, knife sliding out of a pocket. However, I know this was going to be bit of horror but I didn’t expect for two CSWs to be jumping with big shock when listening to the radio clip. Normally people would be jumping when watching a horror film like ‘Woman In Black’ and the sounds on the radio, like the wind, and knife sliding out make them scared, not jumping. I didn’t realise these sounds would make it happen. It’s a good experience.  

(278 words)



DEADLINE: Friday 28th January 2016


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